适合于上海地区栽培的两种野生蔬菜

发布日期: 2012/12/30  作者: pgdc admin   浏览次数: 711   返回


 

 蒲公英 多年生野生蔬菜,能药膳两用,有清热解毒、消炎、凉血、利胆、健胃等功能,对脂肪肝、高血脂患者疗效甚佳。

筛选出的野生蒲公英种群能够适应于上海气候和土壤条件。蒲公英喜光照充足、疏松深厚、富含有机质土壤的环境,采用条播或撒播。在上海地区3月中旬播种,生长期可追肥2-3次,11月中下旬亩施农家肥。尚无病虫害发生,无需施农药。蒲公英可分批采摘外层大叶或用刀割茎盘以上部分。每隔35-40天采收一茬,每茬采收量2-4kg/m2,全年可采收4-6茬。每年5月下旬至6月上旬留种,种子成熟时将花托剪下,晒干后保存。

鸭儿芹 多年生植物,有芫荽和芹菜香气,对感冒、咳嗽、牙痛、肺炎、尿道感染、肿毒等有特殊疗效。鸭儿芹嫩茎叶可凉拌、炒食、煲汤或制馅。


筛选出的野生鸭儿芹在上海地区主要在3-5月生长,夏季需遮荫处理,要选择有机质丰富、蓄水保肥力强,pH 中性土壤中栽培。上海在3月初播种,生长期间需要追施。可多次采收。尚未有病虫害发生。可分嫩株全株采收和分期摘叶采收二种。


Dandelion and ducking celery are two perennial wild vegetable, could be used as vegetable and medicine. The former is of detoxify, anti-inflammatory, cooling blood, Stomachic functions, and the latter has special therapy values in relation to cold cough, toothache, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and swollen poison.

The screened wild dandelion and ducking celery populations can adapt to the climate and soil conditions in Shanghai. The cultivate environments for Dandelion are characterized by adequate light, loose and deep soils with rich organic matter, Dandelion could be seeded in mid-March in Shanghai, and reap by cutting the outer layer leaves or all the leaves above the stems. Ducking celery could be planted in shady and wet soils with rich organic matter.

No pests and diseases have been found in the fields of the above two wild vegetables in Shanghai, therefore no pesticides are used during their production.

联系人: 郭水良 (gsg@shnu.edu.cn)


 
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